Toeppich and Associates
ENERGY ATTORNEYS

Category: Mineral Estate

Characterization of Oil and Gas Interests Under Texas Community Property Laws

Determining ownership of the mineral estate can be a complicated proposition, which is only made thornier by the institution of marriage. The State of Texas is a community property jurisdiction in which ownership is characterized by both the nature of the property in question and the timing of its acquisition by the spouses. Under the […]

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Undivided Fractional Oil and Gas Interests – Part 1: NPRI’s and Harmonization

Oil and gas law is rife with litigation, with few areas as contentious as the creation of undivided fractional interests such as the nonparticipating royalty interest (“NPRI”). The NPRI is carved from the mineral estate and generally consists of the right to royalty under an oil and gas lease. This right to royalty burdens the […]

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